1. Product information:
Peanut is a food plant of the Beans family native to Central and South America.
Asia ranks first in terms of peanut growing area, Vietnam has the fifth area in total of 25 Asian countries planting peanuts.
Peanuts: The fruit contains 1 to 4 seeds, usually 2 seeds, egg-shaped, with longitudinal grooves. Oil seeds up to 50%.
In Vietnam, peanut plants are grown mainly in the Northern provinces such as Ha Tay, Bac Giang, Hanoi, Phu Tho, Ninh Binh and Thanh Hoa; the South such as Tra Vinh, Tay Ninh, Long An ...
In the world, peanuts are exported in Argentina, USA, India, China P Rp, Brazil, ... In addition, some Asian countries export peanuts such as: Myanmar, Vietnam, ...
The countries importing peanuts are: Netherlands, Indonesia, Germany, Mexico, Russia. Thanks to the high fiber content, peanuts (groundnuts) are used in animal feed in some countries such as Northwest Florida - USA. Asian countries import peanuts such as Japan, Korea, ...
2. Uses and benefits of Peanuts:
Peanuts are used as direct food: boiled peanuts, roasted peanuts, ground salt, peanuts-sesame salt,…
Use pounded roasted peanuts to sprinkle on the dish: Many foods such as ice cream, cakes, rolls, little bread, water drift tea, mannequins, salads and stir-fries, cooked with soaked peanuts like Spices to create aromatic and fatty substances, sprinkle peanut salad.
Used as candy, cake: Candy and peanut cake filling.
Other foods: peanut butter, peanut powder, peanut milk, peanut oil for food use.
3. Nutrition ingredients of Peanuts:
Fat in peanuts: Peanuts are high in fat.
The amount of fat is in the range of 44-56% and the fat is mainly in the single and multi-function form, most of which are oleic acid (40-60%) and linoleic acid.
Peanut protein: Peanuts are a rich source of protein.
Protein accounts for about 22-30% of calories, so peanuts are a rich source of plant protein. The most abundant proteins in peanuts are arachin and conarachin, which can cause severe allergic reactions in some people, causing life-threatening reactions.
Starch: Peanuts contain less starch. Starch accounts for only 13-16% of the total.
Vitamins and minerals:
Peanuts are a rich source of many vitamins and minerals, including: Biotin, copper, niacin, folate, manga, vitamin E, thiamin, phosphorus and magnesium.
Peanuts contain a variety of bioactive plant compounds and antioxidants.
Most of the antioxidants concentrated on peanut silk crust (peanuts) are rarely eaten, unless eaten fresh.
Peanuts contain a variety of plant compounds, including antioxidants such as coumaric acid and resveratrol, as well as antinutrients like phytic acid.
4. Specifications of Peanuts
Type : Bold/Java
Bold Counts Per Ounce : 35/40, 38/42, 40/45, 45/50, 45/55, 50/60, 60/70, 70/80.
Java Counts Per Ounce : 40/50, 45/55, 50/60, 60/70, 70/80, 80/90, 100/120, 120/140,140/160, 160/180
Red Skin Counts Per Ounce : 70/80, 80/90
Moisture : 8% max
Admixture : 1% max
Foreign Material : 0.50% Max.
Oil Content : 48% Max.
Aflatoxin : NA